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Observando a postura de tiro pode-se determinar o caráter do arqueiro

"ditado Coreano"

 

Voltar para Atirando com arco em cadeira de rodas

 

 

Regulamento para-olímpico para arqueiros

 

A história das para-olimpíadas:

O conceito das para olimpíadas originaram no Hospital Stroke Mandeville emBuckinghamshire, Inglaterra em honra aos veteranos feridos da 2 Guerra Mundial. A inspiração veio de Ludwig Guttman, um judeu neurocirurgião que escapou dos nazistas. Os primeiros jogos para olímpicos foram em 1960 em Roma, Itália. Os jogos cresceram nos jogos de inverno em 1976 e em 1992 em Barcelona, Espanha onde 82 nações participaram com 3500 atletas.

 

O Esporte

As para olimpíadas é uma evento para atletas com deficiências, inclusive motoras (amputações), cegas e que sofreram paralisia cerebral.

Os eventos durante o verão incluem; arqueirismo (arco com flecha), corrida, basquete, boccia, boliche, ciclismo, hipismo, esgrima, futebol, judô, bola ao gol, tiro natação, tênis de mesa, tênis, vôlei e levantar peso.

Alguns das modalidads do inverno são; esqui, hóquei, biatlon (tiro com caminhada), e ice-sled 9velocidade em cima de gelo).

 

 

Abaixo vai uma lista dos esportes oferecidos nas para-olimpíadas:

 

Os esportes oferecidos nas para-olimpíadas.

Com (P) = modalidades no programa das para-olimpíadas.

As modalidade oferecidas para deficientes mentais são: atletismo, basquete, natação e tênis de mesa.

Modalidades para surdos não estão incluídos nas para-olimpíadas. 

 

  Spinal Cord Amputee Cerebral Palsy Les Autres Visually Impaired Intellectually Impaired Deaf
Archery (P) Y Y Y Y Y    
Athletics (P) Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
Badminton             Y
Basketball (P) Y Y Y Y   Y  
Boccia (P)     Y        
Cricket         Y Y Y
Cycling (P)   Y Y Y Y Y  
Equestrian (P) Y Y Y Y Y    
Football (P)   Y Y   Y Y Y
Goalball (P)         Y    
Golf Y Y   Y     Y
Hokker     Y        
Lawn Bowls Y Y Y Y Y   Y
Netball           Y Y
Powerlifting (P) Y Y Y   Y    
Rugby (P) Y           Y
Sailing (P) Y Y Y Y Y    
Skiing (Alpine) (P)   Y Y Y Y    
Shooting (P) Y Y Y Y      
Swimming (P) Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
Table Tennis (P) Y Y Y Y   Y Y
Tennis (P) Y Y   Y   Y Y
Volleyball (P) Y Y Y Y   Y  

 

Descriação:

O arqueirismo é para-olímpico desde sua fundação e desde os primeiros jogos em 1960 onde os arqueiros atiram as distancias olímpicas de 70 metros nas qualificações e nas finais. Foram atiradas as categorias masculino, feminino, time, tanto em cadeiras de roda como em pé. As regras são as mesmas que nas olimpíadas. (olhar a página - regulamento olímpico)

 

Competições:

As competições estão abertas para atletas com uma deficiência. As deficiências aceitas são:

atletas com amputação, com paralisia (parapléticos, quadripléticos), com paralisia cerebral, com doenças disfuncionais e doenças progressivas que nem atrofia muscular  e escleroses, com disfunções nas juntas, problemas na coluna, e atletas com uma combinação de várias deficiências, etc.

 

Regras:

As regras de arqueirismo são as da FITA (Federação internacional de tiro com arco) com algumas modificações:

 

Classificação:

Arqueiros com deficiências diferentes irão competir em grupos diferentes de acordo com suas deficiências: ARW1 ARW1-C ARW2 ARST ARST-C. Durante a fase de exame dos atletas serão examinados e classificados em suas devidas categorias.

Os atletas receberão pontos de acordo com suas deficiências e mobilidade (flexibilidade). Se for necessário os atletas serão avaliados durante o campeonato.

ARW1-C e ARST-C são subclasses que foram introduzidas para possibilitar atletas com deficiências severas a participarem das competições. Mas por entanto estas subclasses ainda não são usadas nas para-olimpíadas ou campeonatos mundiais. Portanto atletas destas classes por enquanto ainda têm que competir durante as para-olimpíadas e os campeonatos mundiais nas classes ARW1 ou ARST.

 

Athlete Eligibility and Classification

Paralympic competition is limited to athletes with physical disabilities, who compete in wheelchair and standing classifications. The IPC archery classification system is described in greater detail on the IPC web site at http://www.paralympic.org. Click on "sports," then "classification," then "archery."

Archery Standing (ARST ) - Archers in the standing class have no disabilities in the arms. The legs show some degree of loss of muscle strength, coordination, and/or joint mobility.

Archery Wheelchair 1 (ARW1) - Archers in the ARW1 class have disabilities in arms and legs. They have limitations in range of movement, strength and control of arms, and poor or non-existing control of the trunk. The legs are considered nonfunctional due to amputations and/or similar limitations of movement, strength, and control. They compete in a wheelchair.

Archery Wheelchair 2 (ARW2) - Archers in the ARW2 class have paralysis in the lower part of the body, including the legs. They compete in a wheelchair.

Events

Paralympic Games archery events for both men and women include the Olympic Round for the ARST, ARW1, and ARW2 classifications, and the Team Olympic Round for open classification (ARST, ARW1, or ARW2). Paralympic competition is conducted using the recurve bow. The IPC archery rules describe additional events which may be held at other competitions. For more information, consult the IPC web site at http://www.paralympic.org. Click on "sports," then "sports," then "archery," then "rules."

Olympic Round - A total of 64 athletes may compete at the Paralympic Games. Separate events are held for men and women.

Ranking/qualification round -  Each athlete shoots 12 ends of 6 arrows at 70m on a 122cm target face. Athletes are ranked from 1 to 64 based upon the results of this round.

Elimination rounds - Each match consists of 6 ends of 3 arrows at 70m on a 122cm target.

1/32 eliminations - The top 64 archers are grouped in pairs in a match play situation. The top-ranked archer is paired with the 64th-ranked archer, #2 is matched with #63, etc. The 32 winners progress to the 1/16 eliminations.

1/16 eliminations - The 32 archers are paired into 16 matches. The 16 winners progress to the 1/8 eliminations.

1/8 eliminations - The 16 archers are paired into 8 matches. The 8 winners progress to the finals round.

 

Finals round - Each match consists of 4 ends of 3 arrows at 70m on a 122cm target.

Quarterfinals - Four matches are held with the winners progressing to the semifinals.

Semifinals - Two matches are held with the winners progressing to the gold/silver medal match and the losers progressing to the bronze medal match.

Gold /silver/bronze medal matches

 

 

Team Olympic Round - Each team consists of 3 archers. A maximum of 16 teams may compete at the Paralympic Games. A team match consists of 3 ends of 9 arrows (each archer on the team shoots 3 arrows). The teams alternate shooting ends. Separate team events are held for men and women.

Team competition (1/8 eliminations) - The 16 teams are paired into 8 matches. The 8 winning teams progress to the finals round.

Quarterfinals (1/4  eliminations) - The 8 remaining teams are paired into 4 matches. The four winning teams progress to the semifinals.

Semifinals - The 4 remaining teams are paired into two matches. The winners progress to the gold/silver medal match and the losers progress to the bronze medal match.

Gold /silver/bronze medal matches

 

Playing Area

In Paralympic competition, like Olympic competition, the target is 70m away from the archer. The lanes are wider in Paralympic competition, with at least 1.3m per archer (2.6m for individual events, 3.9m for team events). The target is 122cm in diameter, and is divided into 10 concentric rings with a golden "bulls eye" or center ring. The scores associated with each ring are illustrated in the following figure (figure is from the U.S. National Archery Association web site).

Rules

In archery, the athlete uses a bow to shoot arrows at a circular target. The target has ten concentric circles which designate scoring areas that range from 10 points (bullseye) to 1 point (outermost circle). A score of zero is recorded if the arrow misses the target.

Paralympic archery competition is conducted according to the Federation Internationale de Tir à L’Arc (FITA) rules, which are posted on the FITA web site at http://www.archery.org. Paralympic archery rules (essentially the same as FITA rules) are posted on the IPC web site at http://www.paralympic.org. Click on "sports," then "archery," then "rules."

Equipment

Bow - There are three different kinds of bows used in target archery: recurve, compound and bare bow. Paralympic athletes use a recurve bow. Recurves are made of wood, graphite, fiberglass, or carbon composites. Bow lengths and weights vary considerably. Bow lengths vary from four to six feet.

Arrows -  Arrows are made of either carbon graphite or aluminum.  The arrows of each archer must be marked on the shaft with the archer's name or initials, and all arrows used for the same end must have the same pattern and color(s) of fletching necks and cresting.

Other equipment - finger protectors/gloves, chest/arm guards, field glasses etc. for spotting arrows. Sighting aids may be utilized if they comply with FITA rules on shooting at outdoor archery targets.

Disability-specific equipment and modifications

Archers with significant upper extremity disability are allowed to utilize a device to secure the bow to the hand. These devices may be as sophisticated as a universal cuff or as simple as tying or bandaging the bow to the hand of the archer.

Persons with significant upper extremity disability are also allowed to have a person nock the arrow onto the bow. However, this person may not give the archer any verbal advice or coaching tips, nor may they in any way be disruptive to other competitors.

Archers with poor trunk balance are allowed to utilize strapping or body support systems.

 

Links

Federation Internationale de Tir à l'Arc (FITA)

 

U.S. National Archery Association

 

International Paralympic Committee (ICP)